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Miniature Museum Replicas from the Great Empires of the Ancient World (Includes Biblical Artifacts)     
EMPIRES: Assyria Babylon Persia Greece Rome -- KINGDOMS: Egypt Israel
Ancient Assyria - Ashurbanipal Hunting
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Decorative Items

Assyria

Biblical
King Jehu Relief
Jehu Relief

Biblical
Stone Sculpture of a Winged Lamassu,  from Khorsabad
Winged Lamassu

Biblical
Tiglath-Pileser III Fragment of a gypsum tablet from the palace of Nimrud.
Tiglath-Pileser III

Biblical
Sargon II in Royal Fashion Limestone Sculpture
Sargon II

Biblical
Relief of King Ashurbanipal Reposing with His Queen in the Royal Garden
Ashurbanipal Feasting

Biblical
Detail of Hebrew captives playing music, from Lachish, wandering through a mountain forest, accompanied by an Assyrian warrior carrying a club
Hebrew Captives

Biblical
Sargon II and his Tartan
Sargon II and Tartan

Biblical
Trodden Under Foot
Trodden Under Foot

Biblical
Relief of Tiglath-Pileser III in Chariot
Tiglath-Pileser in Chariot 

Biblical
Relief of Slaves in a Quarry
Forced Quarry Labor

Winged bull with human head, from the palace of Sargon II at Khorsabad
Winged Bull Guardian

Winged human-headed bull colossus from Khorsabad
Human Headed Bull

Stone Sculpture of Hero Grasping Lion, from Khorsabad
Hero Grasping Lion

Alabaster lion from entrance to temple of Ninurta at Nimrud, reign of Ashurnasirpal II (883-859 BC)
Assyrian Lion

Biblical
Sargon II and a high official
Sargon and High Official

Biblical
Relief from Ashurnasirpal II's palace at Nimrud of a winged genius with an eagle's head
Eagle-Headed Deity

Biblical
Assyrian King Hunting
King Hunting

Lachish Captives
Lachish Captives

Assyrian Slinger (Stonethrower)
Assyrian Slinger


Ashurbanipal Hunting

Biblical
The Black Obelisk of Shalmaneser III
The Black Obelisk

Biblical
Sennacherib's Hexagonal Prism of Baked Clay also know as the Taylor Prism
Sennacherib's Prism

Assyrian Soldier Holding Shield
Assyrian Soldier 1

Assyrian Soldier Holding Spear
Assyrian Soldier 2

The below images are rated M for excessive violence.
Below images are rated M for violence

Biblical
Relief of Ashurbanipal Stabbing Lion With Sword
King Stabbing Lion

Relief of Siege Scene with Battering-Ram and Impaled Bodies, gypsum, Palace of Tiglath-pileser III
Battering Ram

Relief depicting the siege of a fortified city
Siege Relief

Assyrian Archers
Assyrian Archers

Biblical
Assyrian King Blinding Prisoners
Blinding Prisoners

Impaled Prisoners
Impaled Prisoners


Babylon

The Striding Lion on the Ishtar Gate of Babylon
The Striding Lion

Biblical
The Weld-Blundell Prism
Weld-Blundell Prism

 

 
The Bible Mentions Asnapper (Ashurbanipal). This miniature relief shows Asnapper hunting with bow pulled. This is reminiscent of the first hunter of Assyria in Genesis named Nimrod. The Bible mentions king Asnapper in Ezra 4:10
   
$24.99
(Paint Not Included)

King Ashurbanipal on Horseback (Miniature Replica)  

This miniature replica is of Ashurbanipal, King of Assyria, from his palace at his ancient capital, Nineveh. His Biblical name was Asnapper. The panel was discovered at the site of ancient Nineveh during the reign of Ashurbanipal (668-626 BC). He is shown hunting on horseback with his bow pulled back ready to shoot an arrow. The original is located at the British Museum in London. The alabaster relief is part of a panel standing over 25 inches tall.

Ezra 4:10 - and the rest of the nations whom the great and noble Asnapper brought over, and set in the city of Samaria, and in the rest of the country beyond the River, and so forth, wrote.


This map shows the primary capitals of the Neo-Assyrian Empire

Museum Images

King Ashurbanipal in the Royal Hunt

Information about the Ashurbanipal Hunting Relief

- Limestone relief from the N. palace of Ashurbanipal at Nineveh, his capital.
- Ashurbanipal reigned from 668-626 BC.
- Ashurbanipal was the grandson of Sennacherib and son of Esarhaddon
- The detailed relief stands 63.5 cm (25 inches) tall.
- actual dimensions of the detail are w. 3 ft. 8 in. h. 1 ft. d. 8 3/4 in.
- The relief reveals a royal hunt for Gazelle, lions, and other animals
- The King of Assyria is on horseback with bow stretched
- The king's servants are following behind with arrows and a spear
- The panel shows the King of Assyria with his attendants and horses
- From the Neo-Assyrian Period (1000-612 BC).
- Excavated at the site of ancient Nineveh (Kuyunjik) by H. Rassam about 1847.
- The royal hunt is seen throughout Assyrian history
- The theme of the hunt was very popular in Neo-Assyrian royal art.
- The Bible called Nimrod a mighty "hunter" before the LORD
- This stone panel was is currently at the British Museum.
- Nineveh (Kuyunjik) was Ashurbanipal's capital city (Northern Iraq).
- Ashur-bani-pal was one of the most energetic and cruel of the Assyrian kings

An actual inscription from Ashurbanipal himself:
" I am Ashur-bani-pal, king of hosts, king of Assyria. In my abounding, princely strength I seized a lion of the desert by his tail, and at the command of Enurta and Nergal, the gods who are my helpers, I smashed his skull with the axe in my hands." He goes on to say " I am Ashur-bani-pal, king of hosts, king of Assyria, whom Ashur and Belit have endowed with might. Against the lions that I slew I directed the powerful bow of Ishtar, the lady of battle, and I made an offering and poured out a libation over them."



Museum Excerpt
Museum number ME 124875

Stone panels from the North Palace of Ashurbanipal (Room S, nos. 13-18)

Nineveh, northern Iraq
Neo-Assyrian, 669-630 BC

Hunting Gazelle and Lions

This is part of a series of sculptures which decorated a private gate chamber in the palace of King Ashurbanipal (reigned 669-630 BC).

The scenes are arranged in three registers, and are similar to those on other relief panels fallen from an upper storey, and the large-scale versions in the corridor leading to the gatehouse. They often centre on lion-hunting; there was a close association between royalty and lions in ancient Mesopotamia. Unlike many of the reliefs, which act like a comic strip with the action moving in one direction, this one appears as a snapshot. Some of the gazelle, alarmed by a beater on the right, flee towards Ashurbanipal, who is hidden in a pit armed with bow and arrows.

Herds of gazelle were once widespread in the Near East. They represented one of the main sources of meat for the people of the region. Ancient recipes survive for gazelle stew. Indeed, gazelle are said to have been common in Assyria as late as the 1950s though now they are only found in the remotest corners of Arabia. Modern firearms and motorized transport have almost driven these animals to extinction in this part of the world.

"Alabaster wall panel; relief; on the bottom a scene of hunting gazelle; herd of gazelle disturbed by huntsmen; one looks round, tries to escape and is led into ambush; Ashurbanipal waits in a pit with a bow and shoots the leader down; also on the bottom row is a scene showing the hunting of wild asses; the king gallops forward, shooting at wild asses; one of the horsemen behind him has a supply of arrows while the other leads a spare mount; the asses are shot or pulled down by hounds; one is lassoed alive, probably for breeding; on the middle row is a lion hunt on horseback; Ashurbanipal drives a spear into one lion's mouth but another, which has been hit by arrows and left for dead, leaps up to maul the king's spare horse; attendants gallop to the rescue from the left; in the next episode, to the right, the king has killed both lions; some attendants admire them and others, kneeling in disgrace, probably allowed their horses to lag too far behind the king; the bottom row shows Ashurbanipal on foot, killing a lion; the lion is released from a cage by a small person, possibly a child, who has his own cage to hide in; the lion advances on the king and is hit by an arrow; finally, on the left, the king dispatches lion with sword."

Dimensions
Height: 63.500 cm
Width: 71.120 cm

The palace was excavated by H. Rassam (from 1853)

British Museum Page


The Assyrian Empire

The first great military empire in ancient history was the Assyrian Empire. By the time of Ashurnasirpal and Shalmaneser III in the 9th century BC the Assyrians organized a mighty army of nearly 200,000 soldiers. Their military strategy was unsurpassed up to that time, and with the age of iron they were an unstoppable fighting machine. They brought spearmen, archers, shieldmen, slingers, siege engines, chariots, and a huge calvary into the battlefield. The mighty Assyrians dominated the ancient world until they were crippled by the God of Israel in the reign of Sennacherib. God raised up the Assyrians to remove Israel out of his sight for their rebellion and idolatry, but the Assyrians would also be punished also for their wicked ways. They finally fell to the Medes and Babylonians in 612 BC and passed into history.


Assyrian Kings Mentioned in the Bible

2 Kings 15:29 - In the days of Pekah king of Israel, Tiglath Pileser king of Assyria came and took Ijon, Abel Beth Maacah, Janoah, Kedesh, Hazor, Gilead, and Galilee, all the land of Naphtali; and he carried them captive to Assyria.

2 Kings 15:19 - Pul the king of Assyria came against the land, and Menahem gave Pul one thousand talents of silver, that his hand might be with him to confirm the kingdom in his hand.

2 Kings 18:9 - And it came to pass in the fourth year of king Hezekiah, which [was] the seventh year of Hoshea son of Elah king of Israel, that Shalmaneser king of Assyria came up against Samaria, and besieged it. 

Isaiah 20:1 - In the year that Tartan came unto Ashdod, when Sargon the king of Assyria sent him,) and fought against Ashdod, and took it; 

2 Kings 19:16 - LORD, bow down thine ear, and hear: open, LORD, thine eyes, and see: and hear the words of Sennacherib, which hath sent him to reproach the living God. 

2 Kings 19:37 - And it came to pass, as he was worshipping in the house of Nisroch his god, that Adrammelech and Sharezer his sons smote him with the sword: and they escaped into the land of Armenia. And Esarhaddon his son reigned in his stead.

Ezra 4:10 - and the rest of the nations whom the great and noble Asnapper brought over, and set in the city of Samaria, and in the rest of the country beyond the River, and so forth, wrote.

Assyrian Kings Names in Cuneiform

Archaeology of Ancient Assyria

Timeline of Ancient Assyrian Kings

(During the Period of the Biblical Kings)

Assur-nasirpal II (885-860 B.C.) A cruel warrior king, he made Assyria into the most fierce fighting machine of ancient world.
Shalmaneser III (860-825 B.C.) His reign was marked by almost constant war. He was the first Assyrian king to come into conflict with Israel. King Ahab fought against him, and king Jehu paid him tribute in 841 BC. His royal inscriptions were more detailed and more numerous than any other king. His building works were massive just like his father Assurnasirpal II. See Shalmaneser and the Black Obelisk.
Shamsi-Adad V (825-808 B.C.) Most of his reign was focused on Babylonia and his own internal conflicts.
Adad-nirari III (808-783 B.C.) The little information about his reign mentions his building projects at Calah and Nineveh, as well as a conflict at Der in Babylonia and collecting tribute in Damascus, Syria.
Shalmaneser IV (783-771 B.C.) The limited knowledge of his reign reveal some conflicts in Damascus and a period of decline in Assyria.
Assur-dayan III (771-753 B.C.) The little information about this ruler reveals Assyria being in a period of decline. 
Assur-nirari V (753-747 B.C.) There is very little information about his reign. The king of Urartu boasted of a victory over this king of Assyria in an inscription. 
Tiglath-pileser III (Pul) (747-727 B.C.) He restored Assyria to a major world power. He is the "Pul" mentioned in the Bible and the one who began to destroy Samaria, the capital of the Northern Kingdom of Israel. He carried many away into captivity. This captivity is mentioned in his own inscriptions, the Babylonian Chronicle, and the Bible. 
Shalmaneser V (727-722 B.C.) He besieged Samaria, the capital of the Northern Kingdom of Israel. He died during the siege after imposing taxation on the holy city (Asshur), and his son Sargon came to power.
Sargon II (722-705 B.C.) He completed the destruction of Samaria and the captivity of Israel. He was also famous for his magnificent palace with his colossal winged guardians.
Sennacherib (705-681 B.C.) He was the most famous of the Assyrian kings. He mentions the name of Hezekiah on his prism during his war campaigns, he claimed to have "Hezekiah captured in his own royal city (Jerusalem) like a caged bird." His army was defeated at the gates of Jerusalem by the Angel of the Lord. Sennacherib returned back to Nineveh and was killed violently by his own son, as mentioned in the Babylonian Chronicle, The Bible, and various other inscriptions. He also conquered Babylon.
Esar-haddon (681-668 B.C.) He rebuilt Babylon, invaded and conquered Egypt by crossing over the Sinai Desert with Arab camels carrying water for his army, and was one of Assyria's greatest kings. He died fighting Egypt.
Assur-banipal (668-626 B.C.) He destroyed the Thebes in Egypt and collected a great library, innumerable clay tablets were found.
Assur-etil-ilani (626-607 B.C.) It was under his reign that the Assyrian Empire fell.

Assyrian annals mention contacts with some ten Hebrew kings: Omri, Ahab, Jehu, Menahem, Hoshea, Pekah, Uzziah, Ahaz, Hezekiah, and Manasseh.

In the reign of Hoshea, king of Israel, Shalmaneser, king of Assyria, twice invaded (2 Kings 17:3,5) the kingdom that remained, and his successor Sargon II took Samaria in 722 BC, carrying away 27,290 of the population as he tells in his Khorsabad Annals. Later Assyrian kings, particularly Esarhaddon (681 BC - 668 BC), completed the task.

For More Info See: Bible History Online


Map of the Land of Assyria

Map of the Land of Assyria (Kids Bible Maps)
Kids Bible Maps


Primary Sources for Assyrian History

The Assyrian Annals. The scribes of the chief cities of the Assyrians wrote the accounts of the king's military campaigns on cuneiform tablets, and clay prisms or cylinders. The accounts are very reliable, even though the accounts do not speak negatively of the Assyrians and are meant to glorify the king. The annals also give much detail to geography and Chronology. It is interesting how accurate the Assyrians were with dates, they made use of an Assyrian Kings List or the Eponym Canon.

The Assyrian Chronicles and Eponym Canon. The Assyrian scribes organized their national events whether military, political or religious every regnal year. The Babylonian Chronicles were structured the same way. Assyrian records were kept very carefully, they took their dating and their history seriously. They attached their record of events with the solar year and with the name of an official who was known as the "limmu." Their was a new limmu appointed every year. They recorded military, political and religious events in every year and made references to eclipses. The Assyrian records are highly dependable and allow Biblical scholars a very accurate way of dating events and designating "eponyms" for 244 year in Hebrew history, from 892-648 BC.

The Assyrian King List. The Assyrian King List reveals a list of the kings of ancient Assyria in chronological order, from the 2nd millennium BC to 609 BC. It lists the name of the king, his father's name, the length of his reign, and some great achievements.

Assyrian Sculptures. The limestone bas-reliefs discovered from the palace walls of major Assyrian capital cities like Nineveh (Kuyunjik), Nimrud (Calah), Khorsabad (Dur-Sharrukin), and the bronze bands on the Balawat Gates reveal a wealth of history. The illustrative events were carved be professional Assyrian artists like a modern day photographer on the scene. The carvings reveal the military might and tactics of the Assyrians, as well as the futility of those nations that defied their might. These sculptures are on display in museums around the world, for example: The British Museum in London, The Louvre in France, The Iraqi Museum, and The Oriental Institute in Chicago.

The Bible. The Old Testament records the history of the Kingdoms of Israel and Judah, along with the battles of other nations. It includes the fall of the 10 tribes in northern kingdom of Israel in 722 BC by the Assyrians, as well as the fall of the southern kingdom of Judah in 586 BC by Nebuchadnezzar of Babylon. The Bible also records miraculous events surrounding people like Elijah, and Jonah, as well as the slaying of 185,000 Assyrians at Jerusalem by the Angel of the LORD. The events recorded in 2 Kings generally agree with Assyrian and Babylonian sources.

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